Giuliano de’ Medici, Duc de Nemours
Giuliano de’ Medici, Duke of Nemours (1479-1516) was the son
of Lorenzo the
Magnificent. He was the brother of Giovanni de’ Medici, who
became Pope Leo X, and Piero de’ Medici (1471–1503).
Domenico Ghirlandaio portrayed Giuliano as a boy, standing
next to his tutor, Angelo Poliziano.After the Medici were expelled from
Florence in 1494, he spent some time in exile in Urbino.
He returned to Florence with his brother Giovanni in 1512
and assumed the title of head of state, a position he held without great effect
for only one year before handing it over to his nephe Lorenzo.
Giuliano was represented as cultured and of a literary bent by Baldassare Castiglione in The
Courtier, although subsequent descriptions referred to him as feckless and weak. He was awarded the title Duc de
Nemours by the French king, Francis I. His marble tomb in the New Sacristy of San Lorenzo, Florence, was sculpted
by Michelangelo, who portrayed Giuliano above the figures of Night and Day, in an ‘active’ pose, wearing fanciful
antique armour and holding coins, perhaps to suggest his liberality (picture bellow)
Tomb of Giuliano de Medici by Michelangelo