Mattias de’ Medici
Mattias de’ Medici (1613-1667) was the son of Cosimo II de’
In 1630 he became Governor of Siena, where he lived for most
of his life.
Fascinated by engraving, he collected works by Stefano della
Bella, Giulio Parigi and Giuliano Periccioli and was himself an amateur
He encouraged artistic interchange between Florence and
Siena and collected ivory objects of vertu and glassware.
Between 1632 and 1639 Mattias was in Germany, where he fought in the crucial battles of the
Thirty Years War (1618–1648). In 1644, as a reward for military victories in the War of Castro (1641–1644), his
brother Ferdinando II de’ Medici presented him with
the villa of Lappeggi, near Florence.
His interest turned to painting, and he paid for the training of Livio Mehus, many works by whom
are listed in the inventory of Mattias’s possessions made in 1669. A soldier, he was particularly interested in
battle painting, and Giacomo Cortese, who, like Mattias, had experienced military combat, was employed by him in
the 1650s. Baldinucci stated that Mattias delighted in the vivid naturalism of Courtois’s four paintings of battles
in which the Prince had fought. Two sets of such paintings have been identified, four pictures on canvas and four
frescoed battle scenes in a room in the villa of Lappeggi. This room also contains a damaged fresco, which may be
identified as Victory and Fame by Baldassare Franceschini, described by Baldinucci.
In his country residence Mattias gathered a collection of paintings that included, among many
landscape and battle paintings, works by Astolfo Petrazzi, Raffaelle Vanni, Giovanni Domenico Cerrini and Giacinto